Illinois Institute of Technology Philosophy Essay

Article is attached below. Answer the three questions throughly and make sure to completely answer it to make it look like you understood the questions. Write 4 sentences for each question showing you read the text.


1. Kincaid says that the ontological issues and reductive issues regarding individualism are largely settled (1127-1128). How are they settled? Is ontological holism right or wrong? Is nomological reductionism right or wrong?

2. What's the difference between organizations and institutions (1131)? Which of these two is more robustly connected with holism?

3.Kincaid says that "social entities are real if we can have evidence that they stand in causal relations" (1131). What are the two kinds of evidence can support a causal relation between different social entities?