FC Philosophy Moral Beliefs on Religious Tradition Question

Directions: Some people base their moral beliefs on religious tradition or authority. For some religious persons, something is good or bad because God (or a religious text) has said that it is good or bad, and that is enough of a reason for regarding one thing as being good and another thing as being bad (Divine Command Theory).

For others, it might be that nature was created by God with a set or orders, values, and purposes built into it. Anything that follows and fulfills these values/purposes is good, and anything which deviates from them, or does not fulfil these values/purpose is defective/bad (Natural Law Theory). (Note: this does not describe all the possible ways that religion can influence moral thinking!!)

I want you to take the position of a religious person or a non-religious person in your paper.

If you take the position of a religious person, I want you to:

Tell me why you believe certain actions to be good and other actions to be bad. Is it because God says so? Is it because these things are naturally good or naturally bad? Or is it because of another reason?

If it is because God says so, I want you to include a discussion of the Euthyphro Dilemma in your paper: How would you try to resolve what seems to be ethical subjectivism on God’s part if things are good or bad simply because God says so?

If it is because God ordered nature to be a certain way, I want you to consider the Rachel’s objections to Natural Law Theory: How would you answer these objections?

If it is for another reason that isn’t Divine Command Theory or Natural Law Theory, explain to me how you derive all or some of your moral ideas from your religion, and how they can be defended as being truly right.

If you take the position of a non-religious person, I want you to:

Tell me where your moral ideas come from and how they can be defended. Are they based on laws derived from reason? Are they based on your personal preferences? Or do they come from something else? If so, how can they be argumentatively defended as right or wrong (if they can be defended at all)?

Consider a point of morality which you would disagree with a religious person on. It might be where their morals come from, or it could be a particular moral idea (such as whether same-sex relationships should be permissible or not), or a way in which moral practices are defended or criticized as right or wrong.

How would you argue your views against that of the religious person you disagree with? In a friendly and civil way, how would you try to persuade this person that you are likely right in your beliefs and they are likely wrong in theirs (or, if you want to be more forceful in this matter: why you must be right, and why they must be wrong)?

Finally, I want you to consider whether it is possible for your point of view and the religious point of view to exist peacefully and respectfully of each other. If so, why? And if not, why?